employment, especially for college students, is of great

importance for economic development and social stability.

To better secure the employment of

graduates, government at all levels issued policies to redu

ce discriminatory practices these new

graduates may encounter when hunting for a job.

For example, the Ministry of Human

Resource and Social Security said in February that employees are not allowed to def

ine positions based on gender or to ask for a female job-seekers’ marital status, to protect women’ rights in the job market.

Also, the Ministry of Education required colleges to reinforce campus recruitment activ

ities, prohibiting discriminatory information concerning gender, nationality and college levels.

According to the ministry, the number of college graduates is projected to reach a record high of 8.34 million this year, up by 140,000 from 2018.

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Fertility rates, meanwhile, remain astonishingly high in

n some countries, especially in Sub-Saharan Africa. In a few of the poorest-Niger, Mali and th

e Democratic Republic of Congo-the rate is 6-7 children per woman. The resulting flood of new ent

rants to the labor market is far outstripping the number of jobs available.

Empowering women key to meeting challenge

No known growth model can accommodate or keep up with this k

ind of demographic surge. Even sustained economic growth of around 7 percent per year

won’t be enough. And although fertility tends to decline as incomes rise, that does not happen immediately. Em

powering women, therefore, may be the most effective way of starting to address the challenge.

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China has also recently announced a strengthened reg

gime of intellectual property rights protection. Again, this is what foreign negotiat

ors are seeking, but also is important for China’s own economy as it transitions to being a technology leader.

Trade agreements can affect the types of goods being traded and they can redirect trade toward one c

ountry, away from others. They cannot directly affect any country’s worldwide current account bal

ance. A country that saves less than it invests will have to borrow foreign funds to import foreign goods to make up that difference.

There are two ways to reduce the US trade deficit. A serious recession would reduce investme

nt, but nobody advocates that as a strategy. The only other path is to change the US financial and gov

ernment system to encourage increased savings. China has almost nothing to do with it.

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US soy farmers call for cool-down of trade tensions

US soy farmers have urged Washington to work for a positive solution to the current tarif

f dispute with the world’s top oilseed buyer China, and avoid further escalation of trade tensions.

In a statement released late Tuesday, the American Soybean Association (ASA) described the t

hreat by US President Donald Trump’s administration to increase the tariff rate from 10 percent to 25 p

ercent on $200 billion worth of Chinese goods as the “worst case” for US soybean growers.

“This is a predicament for soy growers,” said Davie Stephens, ASA president and a soybean farmer from Kentucky.

“With depressed (soybean) prices and unsold stocks fo

recast to double before the 2019 harvest begins in September, we nee

d the China market reopened to US soybean exports within weeks, not months or longer,” he added.

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With its story set entirely in Shanghai, the English version

 features the voices of action superstar Jackie Chan and Constance W

u, who is best known for the 2018 US romcom Crazy Rich Asians.

South Korean producer Hongjoo Ahn, the creator of The Nub Job franchise and a speaker at the festiva

l’s master class, reveals that he is currently working on two animated films with strong connections to China.

One is Mean Margaret, a China-US production based on the

novel of the same name by American writer Tor Seidler. The other is Songhua, an original sto

ry inspired by the annual ice festival in Harbin, the capital of Heilongjiang province.

“We have been working closely with Chinese animation talents and studios for many years. We have seen an amazing pa

ce of growth in this industry. The cultural and technological advancements are leading us into a golden age where we c

an create content based on Chinese stories that we feel can play globally,” says Ahn.

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Lan Fei, marketing center director for Guangzhou Wei

meizi Industrial Co in Guangdong province, said people in lower-tier cities have huge consumption power.

In 2016, the company’s oral care brand Saky reached customers in lower-tier cities for the first time. Mor

eover, the quality of oral care products in this market varies, so there is huge potential.

In addition to traditional sales channels such as supermarkets and stores, Saky was introduced to co

nsumers in lower-tier cities by livestreaming hosts on social media platforms. The hosts used en

tertaining methods to introduce oral care products and educate consumers about the correct way to use them.

“On Kuaishou, the host placed some sesame powder on a piece of c

orn, showing that Saky’s electric toothbrush could easily wash it away,” he said. “The host

also held a Saky electric toothbrush against a balloon (which did not burst) to demonstrate that its power could not damage teeth.”

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In the past couple of years, Dong Biyong, a mille

lennial enjoyed buying many Palace Museum souvenirs, gifts and other creative produ

cts. “I tried quite a few from makeup kits, lipstick, blush, to various creative gadgets. They are good so

uvenirs in combining the Palace Museum culture and history with their functions,” Dong said.

According to He Jianmin, a professor specializing in cultural tourism research at the Shanghai University of Finance and Econo

mics, said both the Palace Museum and Shanghai Disneyland have high reputation among visitors. Since both bo

ast intellectual property rights over their creative products, counterfeits are virtually unknown.

Shanghai Disneyland, a $5.5 billion theme park, received more than 11 milli

on visitors in its first year of operation (2016-17), and is “close” to the break-even point.

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Since the expo site is about 74 km from downtown Beiji

g and the Yanqing district also has many tourist attractions, especially the Badaling section of t

he Great Wall, the authorities have launched a comprehensive plan to meet the requirements.

The government has added public transportation means for tourists. Six bus lines directly linking the expo site via the exp

ressway linking Beijing and Chongli district of Zhangjiakou, Hebei province, have been introduced.

The bus lines start at Zhuxinzhuang Station of line 8, Beianhe Station of line 16, Tiant

ongyuan North Station of line 5, Jin’anqiao Station of line 6, Xierqi Station of line 13 and Liuliqiao East Station of line 9.

Buses running between Zhuxinzhuang Station and the expo’s P3 Parking

Lot will commence journey once the vehicle is full at every less than 30-minute intervals. Othe

r five lines will run every 30 minutes on weekends and holidays. The bus fare will be 16 yuan.

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President Xi’s speech was an assurance to Africa an

 the rest of the world that the Belt and Road Initiative is a helping hand try to help Africa get out of the problems of poor infras

tructure. For me, I think it is very important. And African countries should clap hands for this assistance.

Improving the infrastructure, which is very key in reducing the cost of doing business

in Africa and at the same time creating job opportunities, will help Africa in a few years.

What really interests me is that President Xi talks about the fact that the

initiative boosts the developments of countries along the Belt and Road Initiative.

He talks about the fact that different railways have been built. Some other pipeli

nes have been also constructed. The Belt and Road Initiative has connected many different areas which are very importa

nt. We really need this kind of interconnection. So now countries will become closer due to the Belt and Road Initiative.

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Environmental inspections show their effectiveness

More officials have been held to account for violations found in central environmental inspections, raising the total nu

mber of punished officials to more than 12,000, according to the country’s top environmental watchdog.

Most recently, 1,035 officials from eight provincial regions, including Jilin, Zhejiang and Sichuan provinces, were called t

o account for their involvement in 89 environmental violations uncovered in the fourth round of inspections from Augu

st to September 2017, the Ministry of Ecology and Environment said in a news release on Monday.

Among the officials, 218 are in positions at the prefecture level, which is just below

ministerial level, and 320 hold posts equivalent to county head, the ministry said.

While 296 of the officials were summoned, 773 were punished by administrative or Party disciplinary agencies, i

ncluding receiving demerits or warnings that will bar them from promotion for a period of time.

Two officials were transferred to judicial authorities.

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